Plan Perú.pdf

World Heritage

Cradle Of South America Civilization

Peru, a country with over 5000 years of history, one of the most diverse nations on the planet and a destination that holds infinite vacation destinations. There is a Peru for everyone and we invite you to find out. Our country offers you the opportunity to meet amazing cultures, festivals and captivating live performing such diverse activities ranging from a traditional visit to archaeological sites to practice adventure sports. We invite you to travel and discover the Peru that do not yet know

Qhapaq Ñan

The Qhapac Ñan, which in Quechua means "The Great Road", is made up of a complex road system (pre-Incan and Incan roads) which the Incas unified and built during the fifteenth century as part of a major political, military, ideological, and administrative project known as Tawantinsuyu.This network of roads allowed access to the information and movement of goods that was the lifeblood of the entire region. It made it possible for the Incas in Cuzco to administer territories located thousands of kilometres away. They used these roads to send chasquis, or messengers, receive the benefit of tributes or migrant work, and mobilize the armies.

City of Cusco

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.

Cusco, located in the south of the Peruvian Andes (3,250 masl - 10,663 fasl), is the country's leading tourist destination and one of the most important cities in the Americas. Known by the Incas as the "Sacred City", Cusco was the capital of one of the main pre-Columbian empires: the Tahuantinsuyo.Its Quechua name, Qosqo, means "navel of the world", because the city was the center that controlled a vast network of roads stretching from southern Colombia to northern Argentina.

Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.

The ancient citadel of Machu Picchu, in the southern Peruvian Andes, is Cusco's main attraction. Discovered in 1911 by US explorer Hiram Bingham, the citadel is considered to be the most extraordinary example of landscape architecture in the world. Machu Picchu ("old mountain" in Quechua, the ancient tongue of the Incas) is located at the top of a mountain that overlooks the deep Urubamba River canyon, in the midst of the tropical jungle. It is believed to have been a center of worship and astronomical
observation or the private estate of the Pachacútec Inca family.

Chavín Archaeological Complex

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

The Chavín de Huántar archaeological site, belonging to the period 1,000 - 300 BC, epitomizes the development of Andean culture. Situated at 3,185 masl (10,450 fasl) and just three hours from the city of Huaraz by road, the Chavín religious center was built entirely of stone, with underground passages and a series of pyramid structures. Inside the complex, figures in low relief can be seen in the arches and columns, combining feline characters, birds of prey and serpents which are typical motifs of Chavín
iconography. In the subterranean gallery stands the Lanzón, a 3.75-meter (12 feet) high
monolith, with the shape of a giant spear. Chavín is one of the most ancient sacred
sites in the Americas.

Huascarán National Park

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

Huascarán is the second highest park in the South American Andes, located at the heart of the highest tropical mountain range in the world. A diversity of species such as condors, vicuñas, white-tailed deer, puma, vizcachas, mountain cats and the Andean fox live on its high plains and glacial summit of over 6,000 masl (19,685 fasl). Huascarán park contains 27 mountains, 663 glaciers, 269 lakes and 41 rivers.

 

Chan Chan Archaeological Area

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986.

Chan Chan is known internationally as being the largest mud city in the pre-Hispanic world. In the Yunga language, Jang Jang means "sun, sun". It was the religious capital of the Chimú kingdom (700 - 1,400 AD), and is located in the Moche River valley, in the La Libertad department, in northern Peru. It stretches over approximately 20 km2 (8 sq. miles), and it is estimated that close to 100,000 people lived here. The city was the urban center of a vast regional state that dominated half the Peruvian coast, from
Tumbes and the border of Ecuador to the south of Lima.

Manu National Park

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.

The park is located between the provinces of Manu (Madre de Dios) and Paucartambo (Cusco), and includes the territories on the eastern slopes of the Andes in the Peruvian Amazon jungle. The area is inhabited by a large number of tribes, the majority of which currently have no contact with the rest of the world. The park is also a paradise of 20,000 varieties of plants, 1,200 species of birds, 200 mammal species and a currently unknown number of reptiles, amphibians and insects.

 

Historic Downtown Lima

In 1988, the San Francisco Convent was inscribed in the World Heritage list

In 1991, Historic Downtown Lima received the same recognition.

Lima, known as the City of Kings, was an oasis of culture and elegance in Spanish America from its foundation. Baroque and renaissance style churches, as well as palaces with stylized balconies, are part of the noble architecture of Lima, a city that offers the visitor museums, art galleries, recreation spots and archaeological sites belonging to
civilizations that existed before the Incas.

Abiseo River National Park

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1990.

Located in the eastern Andes of Peru, the park is situated on the convergence of the Marañón and Huallaga Rivers, both tributaries of the Amazon. Important pre-Hispanic remains can be found over an area larger than 1500 km2 (579 sq. miles) both inside and outside of the park. Abiseo River Park has not been open to the public since 1986.

 

Nasca Lines

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994.

Two hours from Ica, the incredible lines trace a variety of figures, including animals, birds and divinities,covering a desert area of more than 450 km2 (174 sq. miles). The Nazca Lines, discovered in 1927, are the most important legacy left by the Nazca culture, which flourished in 300 BC. The lines are sometimes 300 meters (984 feet) long, which means they can only be seen from above.

 

Historic Downtown Arequipa

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.

Arequipa, the second largest city in Peru, is situated in the south of the Peruvian Andes. It is also known as the "White City", due to the volcanic rock (sillar) used to build the city's houses and public buildings. The area around Arequipa holds innumerable tourism attractions, including the Colca Canyon and also the Cotahuasi Canyon, which is the deepest in the world. Colca Valley is an impressive natural setting due to the combination of agricultural terraces from Inca times and over a dozen towns founded
in the 16th century.

Caral

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2009

Caral is one of 18 settlements identified in the valley. With a size of approximately 65 hectares (161 acres), it comprises of a series of architectural structures, including the Larger Pyramid, the Amphitheatre Pyramid and the Elite Residential Sector. The strong wind swirls the sands of Caral, the most ancient city in the Americas. Ancient inhabitants sought to recreate this strength through their flutes. Made from condor and pelican bone, the first 32 flutes discovered in the archaeological site were one of the greatest
surprises held by Caral. For this reason, In 2001, the Caral Flutes Archaeo-Musical
Research Workshop was held in order to reproduce the sound that these flutes would
have made in 3,000 BC